Standard First Aid

Standard First Aid
Description: 

Standard First Aid (SFA) is the most comprehensive first aid training program for the general public and is a prerequisite for the National Lifeguard program.

Standard First Aid trains rescuers in the skills and knowledge needed to assess and provide basic life support to patients with airway, breathing, or circulatory emergencies as well as how to manage medical, musco-skeletal and environmental emergencies.

The Lifesaving Society follows the 2010 ILCOR (International Liaison Committee on Resuscitation) guidelines and includes AED training.  This course includes CPR-C certification.

Reference the "Evaluation and Other Items" box below for course topics and descriptions.

Please note that since December 2012, the Lifesaving Society only accepts pre-requisites for its National Lifeguard program from one of these recognized Canadian agencies: Lifesaving Society, Heart and Stroke Foundation Canada, Canadian Red Cross, St John Ambulance, Canadian Ski Patrol. If a candidate shows up to a National Lifeguard course with a first aid pre-requisite that is not with one of these recognized agencies will not be allowed to continue with the course.

Prerequisites:
None
Instructional Time: 

The recommended course length for Standard First Aid is 16 hours based on a class of 12 candidates.

Recognition: 

Successful candidates that have shown all pre-requisites will be issued a temporary certification card on the last day of course.  A permanent certification card will be mailed within 60 days.  Please contact us promptly if the temporary card has expired and the permanent card has not been received.

Currency: 

Standard First Aid is current for 3 years.

Evaluation and Other Items: 

Principles of first aid
Through practical activities wherever possible, demonstrate an understanding of the principles of first aid.

Legal implications of first aid
Through practical activities wherever possible, demonstrate an understanding of the legal implications of providing first aid treatment.

Anatomy & physiology of cardio-respiratory system
Demonstrate an understanding of the anatomy & physiology of cardio-respiratory system.

Personal protective equipment
Demonstrate the use of universal precautions for the prevention of disease transmission, including barrier devices, hand washing, and gloves.

Bystanders & EMS
Demonstrate the effective direction of bystanders to activate EMS.

Patient assessment: unconscious
Demonstrate the recognition and care of an unconscious, breathing patient.

AED operation
Demonstrate how to operate an Automated External Defibrillator (AED).

One-rescuer CPR: adult
Demonstrate one-rescuer adult cardiopulmonary resuscitation on a manikin, includes AED use, dealing with complications and adaptations.

Obstructed airway: conscious adult
Simulate the treatment of a conscious adult with an obstructed airway and the adaptation for a pregnant woman or person who is obese.

Obstructed airway: unconscious adult
Demonstrate the treatment of an unconscious adult with an obstructed airway on a manikin.

Patient assessment: conscious
Demonstrate assessment of a conscious, breathing patient including scene assessment and primary assessment.

Respiratory emergencies
Demonstrate the recognition and care of asthma, hyperventilation and anaphylaxis.

Circulatory emergency:
Demonstrate the recognition and care of a patient suffering from:

  • shock
  • major bleeding
  • heart attack or angina
  • stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA)

Critical incident response
Demonstrate an understanding of the effects of a critical incident on patients, rescuers, and bystanders, as well as the potential consequences of an unsuccessful rescue.

One-rescuer CPR: child
Demonstrate one-rescuer child cardiopulmonary resuscitation on a manikin, includes AED use, dealing with complications and adaptations.

One-rescuer CPR: infant
Demonstrate one-rescuer infant cardiopulmonary resuscitation on a manikin, includes AED use, dealing with complications and adaptations.

Two-rescuer CPR: adult, child & infant
Demonstrate two-rescuer adult, child and infant cardiopulmonary resuscitation on a manikin.

Obstructed airway: conscious child
Simulate the treatment of a conscious child with an obstructed airway.

Obstructed airway: conscious infant
Demonstrate the treatment of a conscious infant with an obstructed airway.

Obstructed airway: unconscious child
Demonstrate the treatment of an unconscious child with an obstructed airway on a manikin.

Obstructed airway: unconscious infant
Demonstrate the treatment of an unconscious infant with an obstructed airway.

Injury management:

Demonstrate the recognition and care of a soft tissue injury.
Demonstrate the recognition and care of facial injuries.
Demonstrate the recognition and care of burns.

Medical emergency:
Demonstrate the recognition and care of a seizure patient.
Demonstrate the recognition and care of a patient suffering from a diabetic emergency.

Skeletel emergency:
Demonstrate the recognition and care of an abdominal and chest injury.
Demonstrate the recognition and care of a bone and joint injury.
Demonstrate the recognition and care of a patient with a suspected head and spinal injury.

Environmental emergency:
Demonstrate the recognition and care of a patient suffering from (heat cramps, heat exhaustion, heat stroke) and (hypothermia and frostbite).
Demonstrate the recognition and care of a patient suffering from a suspected poisoning.

Assists & land carries
Demonstrate one assist and two carries appropriate for the safe removal of a patient from a hazardous environment or towards further treatment and comfort.