Compression Only CPR

Recent reports have stated that compression-only (‘hands-only’) CPR is as effective as the traditional combination of compressions and rescue breathing.  It is important to note that for aquatic staff and management, due to drowning being a hypoxic event (oxygen deficiency in the lungs due to likely aspiration of water), rescue breathing is still critical.

Compression-only CPR Acceptable

Compression-only CPR Not Acceptable

Unable or unwilling to do traditional CPR

Near-drowning of adult, child or infant

Those untrained in traditional CPR

Unwitnessed cardiac arrest

Adult unexpectedly collapses

Child or infant unexpectedly collapses

Adult has abnormal or no breathing

Adult suffering from overdose

Adult is unresponsive

Adult suffering from carbon monoxide poisoning

In order to increase the chance of survival for victims of sudden cardiac arrest, the emphasis is on the fact that if compression-only CPR is more likely to be done, and survival rates are similar to traditional CPR, then more lives will be saved if more people are doing CPR, compression-only or traditional.  It is important to note that the ILCOR guidelines have not changed and that all instruction of CPR in Lifesaving Society programs will remain the same at this time.

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